Journal of Biomedicine and Biosensors

Research Article

Geographical distribution of hepatitis A, B and C infection in Al-Muthanna province, comparative study

  • By Hasan Hadi Ali, Ali Jawad Alyasiri - 20 Mar 2024
  • Journal of Biomedicine and Biosensors, Volume: 4, Issue: 1, Pages: 14 - 30
  • https://doi.org/10.58613/jbb412
  • Received: September 2, 2023; Accepted: March 1, 2024; Published: March 20, 2024

Abstract

Background :
This study was conducted in Al-Muthanna district to describe the epidemiological characteristics of hepatitis virus infection using geospatial analysis at the level of the governorate and its regions. We used geospatial analysis to determine the geographic, spatio-temporal trends of viral hepatitis infection in the governorate.
Objective:
This study aims to assess the prevalence of the disease in Al-muthanna province, southern Iraq, and the geographical distribution of hepatitis A, B, and C
Patients and methods: TA descriptive study of (364) patients with hepatitis in the governorate over three years. The information for this research was obtained through a systematic review, published scientific literature, the official websites of the various government agencies and health sectors in the governorate in addition to the Center for Communicable Disease Control between the years 2019-2021.
Results:
The highest infection rates in the province were 66% for hepatitis A, while hepatitis B and C were 22% and 12%, respectively. The highest incidence rates by sex were in males for hepatitis A and B. The infection rate of type A viral hepatitis increased significantly in 2021, in contrast to the previous two years, while the infection rate of types B and C decreased in 2021. The highest rates of infection according to age groups were less than 10 years. The geographical distribution showed that the highest infections were in the Al-Khader region, with a rate of 68%, and it increased more and clearly in the year 2021, and most of the infections were with viral hepatitis type A.
Conclusions:
This study confirmed that HAV, HBV and HCV infection are endemic in Iraq, and constitute a serious problem in Muthanna Governorate, during the period between 2019-2021.The results show a clear variation in the prevalence of hepatitis virus infection during the period 2019-2021. This suggests that intervention strategies for hepatitis virus prevention should consider both individual traits and differences and geographic area variation.